Fragebogen zur Steuerlichen Erfassung English 2020
Finance,  Work in Germany

How to Fill Fragebogen zur Steuerlichen Erfassung 2020: A Line by Line English Guide

Do you want to register yourself as a freelancer in Germany? Here is a line by line guide for filling Fragebogen zur Steuerlichen Erfassung in English (2020 update).

 

In one of my earlier posts, I described the step by step procedure for registering yourself as a freelancer/self-employed entity in Germany. One of the very crucial elements and hardest steps of that procedure is to fill out the form for the expat tax declaration in Germany. AKA the form from hell ;).

It is called the Fragebogen zur Steuerlichen Erfassung.

 

expat taxes in germany finanzamt

 

When I was setting myself up as a freelancer in Germany, it took a very long time and lots of effort to find the right information. It was also the ultimate test of German language skills – none of my german language courses had prepared me for this.

So to help other expat freelancers in Germany, I have created a line by line English guide for filling Fragebogen zur Steuerlichen Erfassung.

But first, let’s have a quick overview of this notorious form.


Download PDF Guide at the end of this post!


 

1. What is Fragebogen zur Steuerlichen Erfassung?

 

Anyone intending to take up self-employment in Germany needs to fill in and submit this form to their local Finanzamt. This form provides your local tax authority with your personal and professional information for tax purposes.

 

register as an expat freelancer in Germany

 

2. Why do you need to fill Fragebogen zur Steuerlichen Erfassung?

 

This is an essential step for completing your tax status and receive the relevant tax numbers for your business in Germany. Remember, you cannot get paid in Germany without a valid invoice with a tax number.

Based on the information you provide in this form, Finanzamt will do the following:

  • Confirm your freelancer or trader status
  • Assign you a tax number for your invoices
  • Provide you with a VAT ID (if applicable)
  • Set up an automated payment system for VAT charge or refunds, tax payments or refunds etc. (if applicable)

You May Be Interested in: How to create German VAT Invoices (Correctly!) + FREE VAT Invoice Templates



3. Where can you get Fragebogen zur Steuerlichen Erfassung

 

You can find a PDF copy of this form online from various sources. Here are three option you can download or fill up this form online.

 

3.1. Find the form on Google

Google Fragebogen zur Steuerlichen Erfassung. Generally, the first result will lead you to the right sources i.e. the website of Bundesministerium der Finanzen or a Finanzamt.

Fragebogen zur Steuerlichen Erfassung 2020

 

3.2. Get it from the website of your local Finanzamt

Your local Finanzamt will also have this form on their website.

You can search for your responsible Finanzamt by using search terms ‘your city’ + Finanzamt. Usually, the first search result will be correct.

In the case of big cities, you may see multiple Finanzamt offices like ‘Finanzamt Nürnberg-Süd’, ‘Finanzamt Nürnberg-Nord’ and ‘Zentralfinanzamt Nürnberg’.

In such cases, just type in ‘your district + ‘zuständiges Finanzamt’. Sometimes typing in with your postcode can also lead you in the right direction.

Fragebogen zur Steuerlichen Erfassung 2020

 

3.3. Access it through the website of Bundesministerium der Finanzen

Go to the website of Bundesministerium der Finanzen. The form that you need is the top one on the list titled;

001 – Fragebogen zur steuerlichen Erfassung / Aufnahme einer gewerblichen, selbständigen (freiberuflichen) oder land- und forstwirtschaftlichen Tätigkeit oder Beteiligung an einer Personengesellschaft/ -gemeinschaft (Formular-ID: 034250)

Fragebogen zur Steuerlichen Erfassung in English 2020

 

You may either download it – by clicking on the PDF icon. Or you can also fill the form online by clicking on the text.

 

4. What do you need for filling Fragebogen zur Steuerlichen Erfassung

 

As mentioned above, you can either download the form or fill it up online on the website of Bundesministerium der Finanzen.

Note that, each session is valid for 45 minutes only. If you take longer than this, the form will refresh and you will lose all your data.

If you use this option, then I would recommend to first fill up all values in a paper sheet, and then add in your online form. Once filled, you can download the form and print it out.

In summary, to fill this form completely, you should have some basic details handy on your desk.

  1. Your German tax ID number or Identifikationsnummer (again, not tax number or Steuernummer)
  2. Your personal details
  3. Your bank details
  4. An exact description of your future self-employment activity
  5. Financial details of your future self-employment activity

register for self employment in Germany

 

5. Understanding the Sections in Fragebogen zur Steuerlichen Erfassung

 

Before you fill in the lines, it is important to understand what exact information you are adding in this form.

There are eight sections in this form. I have translated them in English along with a brief explanation of what they are.

1. Allgemeine Angaben- General information about you and your work

 

1.1 Steuerpflichtige(r)/Beteiligte(r) – Your Last and First Name

1.2 Ehegatte/Ehegattin/eingetragene(r) Lebenspartner(in)- Your Spouse/wife/registered civil partner

1.3 Kommunikationsverbindungen- Your Communication Details

1.4 Art der Tätigkeit (genaue Bezeichnung des Gewerbezweiges)- Exact name of your intended profession. Describe it as precisely as possible. This description will help your caseworker determine whether you fit in as a freelancer (freiberufler) or a trader (Gewerber). An example of a description will be ‘Online market berater(in).  

1.5 Bankverbindung(en) für Steuererstattungen/SEPA-Lastschriftverfahren- Bank Account(s) for Tax Refunds/SEPA Direct Debit. Here you can add one bank account for ALL tax-related transactions. You can also use separate accounts for business-related or personal transactions.

1.6 Steuerliche Beratung- Add the details of your Tax advisor (if you have one).

1.7 Empfangsbevollmächtigte(r) für alle Steuerarten- Here you will confirm if your tax advisor in subsection 1.6 has power of attorney and can file tax documents on behalf of you.

1.8 Bisherige persönliche Verhältnisse- Previous address if you changed address within the last 12 months. 

 


Related: What is your Self-Employment Type in Germany – Freiberufler, Freelancer or a Trader? 


 

2. Angaben zur gewerblichen, selbständigen (freiberuflichen) oder land- und forstwirtschaftlichen Tätigkeit- In this section, you will add particulars of commercial, self-employed (freelance) or agricultural and forestry activity

 

2.1 Anschrift des Unternehmens- Address of your company. If you are a solo freelancer, then you can use your name plus your service. For example, my official business is name is Yamini Gautam Online Marketing. Another example could be John Connor Photography 

2.2 Beginn der Tätigkeit (inklusiveVorbereitungshandlungen)- Write down the start of your work (including preparatory actions)

2.3 Betriebsstätten- Write down your company branches sites if you have any. This option probably does not apply to you if you are a freelancer. 

2.4 Handelsregistereintragung- Record of the Commercial Registration – again, add only if applicable. 

2.5 Gründungsform (Bitte ggf. die entsprechenden Verträge beifügen!)- Form of incorporation (Please enclose the corresponding contracts if necessary!)

2.6 Bisherige betriebliche Verhältnisse- Describe your past working situation of the last five years. If you have had any business, self-employment or freelanced or an agricultural and forestry activity then add the details here.

___________________________

 

3. Angaben zur Festsetzung der Vorauszahlungen (Einkommensteuer, Gewerbesteuer)- In this section, you will add information on the determination of advance payments (income tax, trade tax)

 

3.1 Voraussichtliche Einkünfte aus- Here you can add your anticipated income from the following. If you are a freelancer then only Self-employment activities may apply to you. 

Land- und Forstwirtschaft- Agriculture and forestry
Gewerbebetrieb- Business
Selbständiger Arbeit- Self-employment activities
Nichtselbständiger Arbeit- Paid work
Kapitalvermögen- Kapitalvermögen
Vermietung und Verpachtung- Renting and leasing
Sonstigen Einkünften (z. B. Renten)- Other income (e.g. pensions)

3.2 Voraussichtliche Höhe der- Add the estimated amount of the

Sonderausgaben- Special business expenses
Steuerabzugsbeträge- Tax deductions

___________________________

 

4. Angaben zur GewinnermittlungAdd Information about how you will report your income to Finanzamt.

Gewinnermittlungsart- Here you can describe the method of income reporting. You have a few options, but most like you can checkbox for an ‘income statement’ or a balance sheet.

  

___________________________

 

5. Freistellungsbescheinigung gemäß § 48b Einkommensteuergesetz (EStG)- Exemption certificate according to § 48b of the German Income Tax Act (EStG)

This section is for those who want to apply for a certificate of exemption from a tax deduction for construction services. This part does not apply to most freelancers.

  

___________________________

 

6. Angaben zur Anmeldung und Abführung der Lohnsteuer- Information on the registration and payment of Wage tax

This section is relevant for those who have employees. If you do not have any employees then leave out this section.

 

___________________________

 

7. Angaben zur Anmeldung und Abführung der Umsatzsteuer- In this section you will add information for the registration and payment of VAT tax.

You will also add your estimated total revenue, whether or not you want to opt-in  Kleinunternehmerregelung, and other fields.

There is also an option to establish a Mini One Stop Shop (MOSS). If you sell digital content (software, ebooks, apps) or digital services (web hosting, referrals, software as a service) to customers in other EU countries, you will opt for a Mini-One-Stop-Shop.

 

___________________________

 

8. Angaben zur Beteiligung an einer Personengesellschaft/-gemeinschaft- This section is relevant to those who are establishing a partnership or a joint venture.

 


Start Here! Freelance in Germany as an Expat


 

English translation of Fragebogen zur Steuerlichen Erfassung 2020 version

 

6. Line by Line Guide for Filling up Fragebogen zur Steuerlichen Erfassung in English

 

Please note that even though this line by line Fragebogen zur Steuerlichen Erfassung guide is in English, you should fill this form in German. If you do not have sufficient German skills, get help from an official translator to formulate your answers.

Here’s how you can use this guide:

Tip One

After Downloading the PDF, you will find a number of yellow boxes called ‘Notes’. There is a note for each line or a group of lines. Click on any yellow box to open the guide. You will see the description and required action for that line.

Fragebogen zur Steuerlichen Erfassung in English

Tip Two

To close the box, simply click on another yellow box or anywhere else.

Tip Three

My recommendation would be to use a different copy of Fragebogen zur Steuerlichen Erfassung in English. This PDF guide is not editable. You can also use the online form mentioned in subsection 3.3 and aim to fill this form within 45 minutes.

Now without further ado…download your 2020 updated guide to Fragebogen zur Steuerlichen Erfassung in English.



How to register with Finanzamt in Germany

Hi there, I am the human behind this blog. If you could not tell by my photo, I am fueled by tea. My expat journey started at the age of 19. Germany has been my home for several years. I hope you will find some helpful insights if you are considering moving to Germany or already live here.

16 Comments

  • Amit

    Thanks for information. My situation is peculiar where research foundation will provide me monthly stipend to carry out the research activities in Germany. However, I have to take care of my taxes, health, pension and unemployment insurance. Do I fit the label of freelancer? and therefore fill Fragebogen zur Steuerlichen Erfassung form. Please guide me.

    • Yamini

      Hey Amit, I really doubt that a researcher getting a monthly allowance will qualify as a freelancer. Freelancers generate income from multiple clients, not one single source.

      You will fit in another tax category, maybe it’s best to reach out to fellow researchers in a similar situation.

  • Sindy

    Yamini,

    You mentioned that we cannot get paid in Germany without a valid invoice with a tax number.
    What is the case when we bloggers get income from google AdSense or other affiliated platform like Awin?
    After I receive money from them, I just got a confirmation from them but I cannot put my tax number anywhere.
    Do I need to issue invoice to them somehow with my tax number?

    Thanks,
    Sindy

    • Yamini

      Hey Sindy,

      Sorry, I’m not sure what you mean by ‘putting tax number anywhere’. I will say though that you have to register with Finanzamt and declare your blog generated income to them. You get your tax number when you register with them as a self-employed person. Maybe it will be best to consult a tax advisor about this.

      • Sindy

        I have already a tax number. I just wonder what to do when I receive money from Awin or Google AdSense or other affiliated platforms. Do I need to invoice them?

        • Yamini

          Are you registered with Finanzamt as a self-employed person? You have to add your (Self-employment/VAT) tax number (not the Tax ID) in your Google AdSense or affiliate account details. They ask for it when you register with them.

          Once they send you the payment you will notice all these details in the automatically generated invoice. It should be either in your account’s transaction history or in a confirmation email that they send.

          Again, my tip will be to discuss this with your tax consultant so they can properly advise on the best way to handle this. Every Finanzamt deals with this kind of income in a different way.

          • Sindy

            Yamini,

            Thanks for the info. I am registered as Kleinunternehmen and got a tax number from the Finanzamt. My tax adviser said I need to put this number on all the invoices.

            Yes I tried to find a place in AdSense or other affiliated network to put in this tax number but most of them do not have a field for tax number. That’s why I have no idea how I can include my tax number in the automatically generated invoice. I was just wondering how other bloggers in Germany do it as I guess many bloggers are using AdSense…

            Sindy

          • Yamini

            Hey Sindy, I’m not with AWIN, but with a couple of other aff networks. There is a field for tax number under business details with them. Contact their customer care if you don’t see any in your account backend. I can only do so much from a comments’ section 😉

  • Anne

    Hi Yamini,
    Thank you for this guide! I have a couple questions. I am a freelance writer/journalist who just moved to Germany. All of my clients are in the US so a German tax advisor (who I spoke to briefly, but do not use due to the price it costs) told me I will not need to pay VAT tax. Should I still get a VAT number and fill out that section? Or, does filling out that section of the form make me obligated to pay VAT taxes?

    Another question is, if my official freelance name were to be “First Name Last Name Writer/Journalist” does that need to be on all my official documents, such as invoices? I have been freelancing for a year and have always just used my full name for invoices where I lived before.

    One more question, when you speak about Gewinnermittlungsart, what exactly is that? How often do I need to report my income as a freelancer and what is the best way to show this to the tax office?

    Thank you for any help!
    Anne

    • Yamini

      Hey Anne,

      1) Freelancers registered in Germany do not need to charge VAT to US clients. This is also what my tax advisor has told me. I have broken down the VAT charges for various regions in this post. Charging VAT to international clients. Adding VAT ID in the details shouldn’t oblige you to charge VAT because your client’s business is registered in a 3rd country.

      2) You can use your first name last name on the invoices. This is very common for freelancers in Germany.

      3) Gewinnermittlungsart is how self-employed people report their yearly profits/ losses to the Tax office. Most freelancers in Germany use Einnahmenüberschussrechnung (EÜR). As for the frequency, the tax office will inform you once you have registered as a freelancer with them.

  • Yanina

    Hello Yamini! I am a photographer and I just moved last year to Berlin. I haven’t done so much money last year, and I am running on the programme under 17500. I subscribed to Elster and tried to complete everything, but I really don’t know what to do with all the questions about my expenses, because I didn’t keep any recipe and also didn’t have many expenses in fact, I heard you can put 0 but I am not so sure. Thanks!

  • Juan

    Hi! thanks for all the info. You used as an example of an activity description ‘Online market berater(in)’. Based on your experience and knowledge, would this job be granted a freiberufler or a Gewerber classification by the tac office?

  • Victoria

    Hello Yamini,
    I signed up yesterday to get your “2020 updated guide to Fragebogen zur Steuerlichen Erfassung in English”, but it hasn’t arrived yet.

    • Yamini

      Hi Victoria,

      Sorry about this and thanks for letting me know. I just sent you the form via email. Would you be able to share if you received any error messages? I tested the form again and it is not showing any errors from my side. Thank you!

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